Gate Tiarcks

born prob. 1535 - Death Date
Osteel

ABC [Tiade Meints?]

Birth Date - Death Date
Birthplace

Meint Gathena

born ca. 1585 - died 31 May 1658
Birthplace Osteel? (just north of Marienhafe, in Ostfriesland)
Burial Site Osteel (see note about gravestone, below)

Catrina Deters

Marries before 0000 [in Osteel?]; they live in Amt Aurich, with six children: Hayo, Tiadeleff, Tiarcho, Tette, Meint and Gato
Birth Date - Death Date
Birthplace

Hayo Meints

born 0000 - Death Date
Birthplace
marries [spouse, date, place, children]

Tiadeleff Meints

born 0000 - Death Date
Birthplace
marries [spouse, date, place, children]

Tiarcho Meints

born 0000 - Death Date
Birthplace
marries [spouse, date, place, children]

Tette Meints

born 0000 - Death Date
Birthplace
marries [spouse, date, place, children]

Meint Meints

born 0000 - Death Date
Birthplace
marries [spouse, date, place, children]

Gato Meints

born 0000 - Death Date
Birthplace
marries [spouse, date, place, children]

Notes

Note from the children’s names that this family does not follow naming conventions used elsewhere. Her father’s name is presumably Deter; there is no Deter among their children. His father’s name is Gate; only at the end of their family do we find a son named Gat[e]. Their first son is Hayo, named for someone we don’t know; their next son is Tjarck, which could be for his father’s father. Their first daughter is Tiade, which normally would be for his or her mother; their second daughter is Tette. Then we find Meint, a son presumably named for Meint himself, and finally a son who takes Meint’s father’s name.

Hypothetically: Gathe Tiarcks married before 1581, then died, leaving behind for his children a large dowry. His widow married before 1590 an unknown man XYZ, who then became the father of Fahlde, the first wife of Claas Janssen de Witt.

One son of Gate Tjarks was probably Meint Gathena, a first sergeant, then lieutenant, of the Nordbrokmer company in Amt Aurich, who on 17 May 1650 had been married to Catrina Deters for 38 years (thus since 1612). In the livestock census of 1621, he appears with 23 cows, 12 oxen, 4 horses and 9 one-year steers (he pays 52 florins, 2 schepen). In 1645 he appears as Meint Gaten, lieutenant (1645 Bl. 152): 28 t, 8 horses, 2 foals, 38 cows, 4 two-year steers, 6 one-year steers, 6 sheep, and he pays 7 florins 4 schapen.

The 1621 entry follows the same Abbe Dircks who in 1613 in Emden is mentioned as the brother-in-law of Tjark Hayen Bremer; he has 5 cows, 4 horses, 2 two-year steers, 2 one-year steers (13 florins, 6 schapen).

[It makes more sense for Meint Gathena to be listed as a brother-in-law of Tjarck Hayen Bremer, in Lütke Holum near Esens: The speculation here is that Meint’s sister Tette is the second wife of Tjarck, bringing with her a large dowry from Osteel. Could the 1621 livestock census have been corrupted somehow? Or is Abbe Dircks somehow also related to the Bremer family?]

See note below about Meint Gatena serving as a Kirchvogt (some kind of church warden) in the Osteel church, thinking quickly and acting to save the brass from bells that the Mansfelder troops had taken down and destroyed, so that two bells could ring again over the Osteel countryside.

Gretje Schreiber recorded from the contract records (Rep. 234 Bd. 203 pages 385-386) 6 children of Meint Gathen: Hayo, Tiadeleff, Tiarcho, Tette, Meint and Gato (thus we also find the name Tette here). The son Tiarcho Gathena [why not Tiarcho Meints? or is this a grandson, the son of Gato Meints?] studied in Rostock until July 1641, and thus in October 1651 is given a license to practice law.

Unfortunately, by 1600 the parish of Osteel had grown so large that its pastor, David Fabricius, was no longer able to keep so many notes on each parishioner, as he had in Resterhafe.


Das Land um den Störtebekerturm: Geschichtliches und Bilder aus Marienhafe und dem Nordbrokmerland, by Rudolf Folkerts and Jakob Raveling, 1977, Druck und Verlag H. Soltau, Norden, Germany

Page 94, Osteel:

In der Osteeler Geschichte bleiben die schweren Zeiten der Mansfelder Besatzung ebenso unvergessen wie die Gestalten der beiden Pastoren Fabricius.

Die Mansfelder Truppen brannten und mordeten zwischen 1622 und 1625 auch in Osteel. Nach ihrem Abzug blieben hier 51 Häuser niedergebrannt zurück und neun weitere standen leer, weil ihre Bewohner ermordet worden waren. Wie grausam es dabei zuging, geht aus dem Bericht eines Krummhörner Schulmeisters hervor:

Als Osteeler Hausleute Torf gruben, wurden sie auf dem Moor von Soldaten gestellt und beschuldigt, ihr Geld vergraben zu haben. Ihr Hinweis auf die Winterbevorratung mit Torf fand kein Gehör; die Soldaten zwangen sie vielmehr, sie zu ihren Wohnungen zu führen. Dort vergewaltigten sie die Frau des einen Hausmannes, wobei er festgebunden zuzusehen hatte. Als er bat, man möge ihn losbinden, da er die Schande nicht mit ansehen könne, wurden ihm mit den Worten, wenn er nicht sehen wolle, dann solle er auch nicht sehen, beide Augen ausgestochen.

Überliefert ist ferner, daß der “Capitain Paggensteker” die Glocken aus dem Osteeler Turm hat herunterholen, sie unten zerschlagen und nach Greetsiel bringen lassen, von wo er die Stücke nach Holland verfrachten und zum Kanonengießen verhökern wollte. Der Osteeler Kirchvogt Meint Gatena, ein mutiger Mann, scheute damals nicht die ihm drohende Lebensgefahr. Er setzte sich mit dem neutral gebliebenen Emder Magistrat in Verbindung und konnte erreichen, daß das Glockenmaterial wieder herausgegeben wurde. In Appingedam (Niederlande) konnten daraus zwei neue Glocken gegossen werden, deren eine, wie vorher, den Namen “Maria” erhielt. Diese hängt noch heute im Osteeler Kirchturm, während die zweite im ersten Weltkrieg auf Nimmerwiedersehen “eingezogen” wurde. Erst 1969 konnte das Osteeler Geläut durch Anschaffung von zwei neuen Glocken wieder vervollständigt werden.

The land around the Störtebeker Tower: History and pictures from Marienhafe and the Nordbrokmerland, by Rudolf Folkerts and Jacob Raveling, 1977, Druck und Verlag H. Soltau, Norden, Germany

Page 94, Osteel:

In the history of Osteel, the bitter times of the Mansfelder occupation remain as unforgettable as the characters of the two pastors Fabricius.

The Mansfeld troops burned and murdered from 1622 to 1625 in Osteel. After their departure, there were 51 houses burned down here, and nine more empty because their inhabitants had been murdered. How cruel it was can be seen from the report of a Krummhorn schoolmaster:

Since people who lived in Osteel dug peat for a living, they were accused of burying their money on the moor by soldiers. Their explanation of the winter stockpiling of peat fell on deaf ears; the soldiers forced each of the householders to lead them to their homes. There they raped the wife of one man, tying him up and forcing him to to watch it. When he pleaded to be untied, since he could not bear to watch, they told him that if he did not want to see it, then he should not see anything, and they gouged out both his eyes.

The story is also told that “Captain Paggensteker” had the bells brought down from the Osteel church tower, broken into pieces and brought to Greetsiel; from there he shipped the pieces to Holland and wanted to use the metal to cast cannons. The Osteeler Church Warden Meint Gatena, a brave man, did not shrink from the impending danger. He sat down with the one remaining neutral magistrate in Emden and was able to arrange for the bell material to be sent back. In Appingedam (Netherlands) two new bells were cast, one of which, as before, was given the name “Maria.” This still hangs today in the Osteel steeple, while the second was “confiscated” during the first World War and never seen again. Only after a new acquisition in 1969 was the ringing of two bells heard again in Osteel.


Betreff: [Upstalsboom-Liste] Grabstein Meint Gathena, + 1658
Sehr geehrte Listenmitglieder,
vor Jahren habe ich einmal eine Frage zu Familie Gathena in Osteel gestellt.
Seinerzeit erhielt ich eine Antwort – von Herrn Voß? -, wonach dort auf
einem Bauernhof ein Grabstein von Meint Gathena gewesen vorhanden sei
(danach * um 1585, † 31.5.1658) und nun als Brunnenabdeckung o.ä. diene. Als
Quelle wurde eine Publikation aus den 1960ger oder 70ger Jahren genannt
(meiner Erinnerung nach – indessen nicht sicher – eher eine Art
Ortschronik). Leider kann ich die E-Mail nicht mehr finden.
Verfügt jemand über einen Hinweis auf diese Publikation?
Vielen Dank.
Freundliche Grüße
HJ Hilling

Moin Herr Hilling,
es handelt sich bei Ihre Frage, um das Buch “Osteel und Leezdorf” von Jakob
Raveling.
Freundliche Grüße
Karin Müller

Subject: [Upstalsboom List] gravestone Meint Gathena, + 1658
Dear list members,
Years ago, I once asked a question about the Gathena family in Osteel. At the time, I received a reply — from Mr Voss? — that there had been on a farm a gravestone of Meint Gathena (born about 1585, died 31.05.1658), being used as a well cover. The source was named, a publication from the 1960s or 70s (according to my memory — however not sure — some kind of an Ortschronik). Unfortunately I can not find the e-mail.
Does anyone have a reference to this publication?
Thank you so much.
Best Regards
HJ Hilling

Moin Mr. Hilling,
In response to your question, it is in the book “Osteel and Leezdorf” by Jakob Raveling.
best regards
Karin Müller


From Osteel und Leezdorf, Einst und Jetzt (1987), by Jakob Raveling, p. 46:

Heinrich Drees weiß übrigens 1968 noch zu berichten:

Der Grabstein des Kirchvogtes Meint Gatena liegt heute als Brunnendeckel etwa einen Meter tief im Erdboden, und zwar auf der Besitzung des Osteeler Landwirts Beewen. Die gut erhaltene Inschrift lautet: “Anno 1658, den 31. May, is de achtbare Meindt Gatena, gewesener Lütenant und Karckvoigt tho Osteel, sälig in Christo Jesu entslapen im 73 Jahre synes Olders.”

(Heinrich Drees konnte die Grabschrift im Jahre 1939 aufnehmen, als die Brunnenplatte bei Reparaturarbeiten bloßgelegt worden war.)

Heinrich Drees knows, by the way, enough to report in 1968:

The gravestone of the parish bailiff Meint Gatena is today a well cover about one meter deep in the ground, on the estate of Osteeler farmer Beewen. The well-preserved inscription reads: “Anno 1658, 31 May, the honorable Meindt Gatena, former Lieutenant and church bailiff of Osteel, saved in Christ Jesus, is laid to rest at 73 years of age.”

(Heinrich Drees was able to record the grave inscription in 1939, when the well cover was exposed during repair work.)


Kay Blass (22 September 2012): Wiard once told me, that he found a bill concerning a house in Emden, which was paid (or received) by Meint Gathen and Tiarck Bremer together. I tried to find this document in "aida-online" but I could not find it. You have to ask Wiard.


See Tiarck Bremers’ page for more detailed discussion.

Pix

Pix go here.

Sources

Much of the hypothetical reasoning here comes from Wiard Hinrichs.

For further details on this line of conjecture, and on the rest of the family, see Kay Blass’s notes on Tjerck Claessen De Witt.

Heyko Heyken, Die Weinkaufsprotokolle des Amtes Esens, Upstalsboom-Gesellschaft, Aurich [Germany], 1998.

Jakob Raveling, Osteel und Leezdorf: Einst und Jetzt (ISBN 3-922365-70-1, 978-3922365709), SKN Printing and Publishing, 2001.

Interpretation, insight, and translation come courtesy of Kay L. Blass (klblaas at t-online.de), who further acknowledges the interpretation and insight of Wiard Hinrichs.

For some further notes and records about Tette, see Ruth Menssen’s excellent and comprehensive site at http://www.ortsfamilienbuecher.de/

More valuable information on Ostfriesland, Harlingerland, and the Esens area in this period (including some church and tax records) can also be found at http://www.genealogy.net/vereine/famfo-esens/deutsch/de-gen_dat.html

Last Modified: Wednesday, August 13, 2014

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