Die Weinkaufsprotokolle des Amtes Esens von 1554 bis 1811

Heyko Heyken
Upstalsboom-Gesellschaft Aurich, 1998
Bearbeitet von Heyko Heyken nach grundlegenden Vorarbeiten von Dr. Heino Mammen

Teile I & II

...

Benser Vogtei: Ostbense 1556-1670

(click on any map on this page to enlarge it in a new window)

Herde zu Ostbense

Herd *-* (G-)

No Weinkauf Record

Edo Focken:

In 1668, 1699, and 1705, see *G4* below: he seems to be a creditor for his father-in-law Garmer Siutz; he has died by 1705. The record suggests that he lived on *G4*, even if he did not own it. [Note that Regemort shows a homestead on BE 018.] The next owner of *G4* probably is Edo’s son, Garmer Eden.

In 1692, see *G7* below; Edo is probably the brother of Incke Fooken, the Hofbesitzer, whose death he reports. (Farm goes to Inke’s son, Foecke Inken, whose sister’s name is Tiadeke.)

A possible ancestor: In 1556, see Westbense Herd *7*; it is owned by Ede Focken; by 1600 it is known as Ine Eden’s farm, and by 1615 it is owned by Hero Haien, whose daughter is married to Peter Olrichs’ son Olrich. No obvious connection to Edo Focken of Ostbense in the late 1600s.

Probably not the same Edo Focken:

From 1589 to 17 Sept 1619, see Südenberg (Westeraccum) Herd *7* (this Edo had no sons)

In 1619, see Werdum Herd *A62*, where Foke Berndts (wife: Ayße) has a son Ewe, 4 years old. This Ewe has a blind brother. The age matches our Edo, but probably this is not the same guy.

In 1622, see Westeraccum Herd *21* (Vormünder 04.02.1622)

In 1598-99, see Stedesdorf *17*, where Ewe Foken, son of Focke Reints, takes over the Herd for one quick year before he dies and it passes to his younger brother Frerich (instead of his older brother Tjarck, as his mother prefers).

From 1650 to 15 Dec 1684, we find another Ehwe Foeken on Werdum Herd *49*, Grodenland by Altharlingersiel; he is a Landgebräucher here.

In 1712 and 1742, the same Ewe Focken shows up by Grodenland in Altharlingersiel on Werdem Herd *54*; he is mentioned (as Ewe Mehnts?) as late as 1742

1670: Regemort Parcel BE 018

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
018 17.94 Dt 18,01,17 15 Dt an Remmer Mammen
Total 17.94 Dt 18,01,17 = 18,01,17
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Edo Focken. No Weinkauf Herd number is given, because this parcel shows no sign of having ever had a Weinkauf paid for it.

Herd *1* (G1)

Voller Herd, 38 3/8 Dt M

1556: Friderich Schueden, 3 Dt Me, 54 1/2 Dt Mh

1570: Frerick Siuden hefft verloren 2 twenters, 2 enters, 25 schape, 8 swine; beholden 13 koye, 4 twenter stehrs, 3 perde, 8 enters. (Seite 31)

12 Apr 1573: + Friderich Schueden. Seines Bruders Sohnes Sohn Menso Schueden gibt zum Wkf 130 T. (2)

1600: Frerich Siuden, 3 Dt Me, 54 1/2 Dt

1617: Menso Siuden, 50 Dt M

3 Feb 1618: + Menße Schiuts. 57 1/2 Dt. S.Gn. und andere erhalten die Heuer. 3 Söhne, Frerich, Schiut und Haynck, und 3 Töchter hinterlassen. 1573 für 130 Rt vwk. Der Sohn Schiut, 23 Jahre alt, bietet mit Zutun des ältesten Bruders, auch Tiarck Bremers und Focke Folkers, 150 Rt und 3 Rt Geschenck. (18)

19 May 1624: + Siut Mensen. 57 1/2 Dt M, daraus S.Gn. jährlich 7 1/4 Gfl Heuer hat, das übrige ist teils Eigenland, teils anderen Hausleuten zuständig. Keine Kinder, sondern 2 Brüder und 1 Schwester nachgelassen. Am 3.2.1618 vwk mit 150 Rt. Der älteste Bruder Frerich Mensen erhält den Wkf für 130 Rt. Verehrung schuldig. (24)

1626: + Frerich Menßen. 57 1/2 Dt. Jährlich 7 1/2 Gfl Herrenheuer. Das übrige ist teils Eigenland, teils anderen Hausleuten zuständig. Er hat das Land, seines Vaters Herd, 1624 vwk mit 150 Rt, in 5 Jahren zu bezahlen. Er hat aber nur 2 Termine bezahlt. 1618 auch mit 150 Rt vwk. Keine Kinder nachgelassen. Der Bruder Hayng Menßen möchte in die Termine des Wkfs eintreten. Weil das Land am Deich liegt und täglich ausgespittet wird, bietet er zur Vg. 20 Rt. Den restlichen Wkf, nämlich 110 Rt, will er in 4 Terminen bezahlen. (25)

1626: Hayng Menßen für seines Bruders Fredrich Menßen Stätte in 4 Terminen 100 Rt, ist 1626-[16]29 jährlich 27 1/2 Rt. (22)

1618 1624 1626: Siudt Menßen Land, 57 1/2 Dt M. 1618 vwk mit 150 Rt. 1624 an seinen Bruder Frerich Menßen für 130 Rt Wkf. 1626 auf seinen Bruder Hayng Menßen, Wkf 110 Rt. (34)

1632: Mense Siuts, 38 3/8 Dt M

1658: Hayngh Menßen Landgebräucher, 3 3/8 Dt M [richtig wohl auch: 38 3/38]

1670: Regemort parcels BE 010, 061, 168, 177

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
010 31.45 Dt 30,09,23 24.75 Dt mit die haußstette aneinander
061 10.06 Dt 9,11,20 9 Dt an Mehndt Claßen und Menße Luets
168 0.88 Dt 0,12,26 noch ein abgespittet teichstück an Tyasse Frerichs
177 1.55 Dt 1,10,25 das abgespittete teichstück an Edo Focken
Total 43.94 Dt 40,42,94 = 42,13,04
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Hayungh Menßen itzo Menße Hayungs except when noted otherwise.

Herd *2* (G2)

Herd, 19 1/2 Dt M, dann Warfstätte, 5 1/2 Dt M

1556: Reinit Sibolts, 19 1/2 Dt Mh

1570: Frerick Clausen hefft verloren 1 valen, 3 schape, 1 swin; hefft beholden 5 koye, 1 enter, 2 perde, 1 valen, 4 swine, 11 schape. (Seite 31)

1587: Frederich Claeßen Sohn Tiaße, 15 Tl. Alles bezahlt am 11.1.[15]87. (4)

1600: Frerich Classen, 19 1/2 Dt Mh

20 May 1624: +Tiaße Frerichs. 12 1/4 Dt. Heuer 3 Gfl. Am 12.7.1586 vwk mit 15 Rt. Nachgelassen 2 Söhne. Olrich Witken bietet im Namen des einen Sohnes 15 Rt. Verehrung schuldig. (24)

1632: Tiaße Frerichs, “ausgeteichet auf 3 1/2 [Dt] nahe”

1658: Tiaße Frericheß, 3 1/4 Dt M

1670: Regemort parcels BE 160, 170, 178, 228

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
160 2.31 Dt 2,06,10 2.5 Dt an Frerich Otten
170 4.42 Dt 4,03,02 2 Dt mit die haußstette mit noch ein schmahl stück, die spittinge genahmbt
178 1.52 Dt 1,07,22 ein teichstück abgespittet landt an Meße Hayungs
228 0.91 Dt 0,12,15 0.75 Dt an Uldrich Peters
Total 9.16 Dt 7,28,49 = 8,13,19
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Tyasse Frerichs except when noted otherwise.

21 Aug 1672: Tjaße Frerichs erschien wegen seines sel. Vaters beiden Warfstätten. Die eine, 5 1/2 Dt, liegt unter Nordorf [s. Nordorf Herd *18*], die andere, 4 1/2 Dt, unter Ostbense. Geboten für die 4 1/2 zu Osterbense 2 Rt, wird gesetzt auf 3 Rt, und für die zu Nordorf gelegene Stelle, weil es schlechte Lande und “mehrenteils mit ruschbulten [Binsen] besetzt,” 1 Rt, wird gesetzt auf 2 Rt. Soll geben [insgesamt] 4 Rt, 1/2 Rt Vg. und 3 1/2 Rt, 1/2 Rt Vg. (52)

1699: Tjaße Frerichs, 5 1/2 Dt M

Herd *3* (G3)

Halber Herd, 10 1/4 Dt

1556: Friderich Inen, 26 Dt Mh

1570: Hilmer Frericks hefft verloren 8 koye 2 twenter stitzen, 4 enters, 13 swine, 2 schape; beholden 2 perde; syn huß wechgedreven up den roeff na und erdrencket 2 lude. (Seite 31)

14 Jul 1581: + Hilmar Friderichs. 6 Kinder hinterlassen. 12 Dt Binnenland. Das Land wurde vwk auf Friderich Hilmers für 10 Tl. (2)

1586 1587 Menße Remmers hat wegen Ine Frerichs übergeben 60 Rt. Am 30.9.[15]86 bezahlt 30 Rt 20 Sch, am 17.1.[15]87 noch 15 Rt und noch 14 Tl. 4 sch. (4)

1600: Hilmer Frerigs, 26 Dt Mh

1627: Frerich Hilmers, 12 1/4 Dt. 1627 auf den ältesten Sohn Hillmer für 12 Rt Wkf. (34)

1627: Hilmer, Frerich Hilmers Sohn, 12 Jahre alt. Wkf in 3 Terminen, ist 1627-1629 jährlich 4 Rt. (22)

1632: Frerich Hilmers, 12 1/4 Dt M

28 Dec 1656: + Hillmer Frerichs. Er hatte 12 Dt Herrenland. Der Sohn Harmen Hillmers brachte vor, daß die Kreditoren die besten Lande in Gebrauch hätten, als Berendt Carstens 3 1/2 Dt und Kordt Jurgens 3 1/2 Dt. Die übrigen 5 Dt hätte er selbst. Das Land wäre wohl in 50 Jahren nicht vwk. Der Sohn hat geboten 6 Rt. Wird gesetzt auf 8 Rt und 1 Rt Vg. (38)

1658: Helmer Friedricheß, 12 1/4 Dt M

1670: Regemort parcels BE -, 002, 005

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
- ? Dt 0,09,06 und muß dieße obgemelte summa, zu behuff der außspittung, volgens decretum Drost und Ambtman daselbsten in dato den 23 octobris anno 1677 abgezogen werden, laut originale copia hiebey gehendt
002 6.49 6,08,21 4 und 3 Dt an Remmer Foltyes
005 4.84 Dt 4,15,27 5 Dt mit die haußstette an den teich
Total 11.33 Dt 10,32,54 = 12,01,24
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Helmerich Frerichs itzo Willem Gruben except when noted otherwise.

21 Apr 1676: Fähnrich Wilhelmus Gruben bietet wegen Hilmer Friderichs, 10 1/4 Dt, das gesetzt, wie auch Berendt Carstens gegeben, auf 8 Rt und 1 Rt Geschenk. (54)

1699: Hilmer Friederichs, 9 Dt M, nun Hinrich Ewen

Herd *4* (G4)

Herd, 15 1/2 Dt M, die Weyerei genannt
[s. aber auch Herd *G15*]

1556: Ludackin [richtig wohl: Lude Acken], 27 Dt Mh

1600: Acke Ludden, 27 Dt Mh

1632: Acke Ludden, 15 1/2 Dt Mh

1658: Tombke Siutz, 15 1/2 Dt M

1670: Regemort parcel BE 008

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
008 5.81 Dt 5,08,21 die Weyerey an Hero Rickloffs und Johan Remmers
Total 5.81 Dt 5,08,21 = 5,08,21
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Tomcke Syuets itzo Metke Blocks

1699: Tombcke Sjudts, nun Ede Foecken, 15 1/2 Dt M

1712: Alcke Siudts, itzo Garmer Eden, 15 1/2 Dt

1742: Meint Remmers, vorm. Ahlcke Sjudts, 15 1/2 Dt

Herd *5* (G5)

Voller Herd, 29 3/4 Dt M

1632:

1670: Regemort parcels BE 004, 011, 014, 019, 158, 175, 179

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
004 3.49 Dt 3,11,26 3 Dt an Willem Gruben
011 4.54 Dt 4,04,20 4 Dt an Focko Habben
014 4.68 Dt 0,11,09 1 Dt an Otto Frerichs und Tyarck Remmers
014 4.68 Dt 3,11,07 Remmer Bremers: 4.25 Dt an Johan Remmers eigenlandt
(Regemort splits BE 014 between L3 and G5 in the index, but shows it on the map as a single parcel)
019 14.82 Dt 14,13,15 14.5 Dt mit die haußstette
158 12.20 Dt 13,15,06 10 Dt daß Harlingerlandt an Volckert Focken
175 0.84 Dt 0,12,12 ein warff an den teich und Edo Focken
179 1.16 Dt 1,00,26 1 Dt die ohrt genahmbt
Total 38.05 Dt 35,66,114 = 39,05,24
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Remmer Mammen except when noted otherwise.

Herd *6* (G6)

Voller Herd, 42 1/2 Dt

1556:

1670: Regemort parcels BE 007, 023, [021]

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
007 17.57 Dt 36,00,17 6, 5, 6, 3, 7, 4 und 4 Dt aneinander an Johan Remmers und Peter Johanßen
[021] [19.07] Dt [00,00,00] Regemort does not list this parcel. The area from this parcel appears to be included in Regemort’s calculation for the size of BE 007 (above)
023 7.02 Dt 7,00,12 6 Dt an Eime Hayen
Total 24.59 Dt
[36.64 Dt]
[43.66 Dt]
43,00,29 = 43,00,29
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Rickloff Tyarts itzo Here Rickloffs except when noted otherwise.

Herd *7* (G7)

Voller Herd, 36 Dt M

1556:

1670: Regemort parcels BE 012, 024

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
012 9.25 Dt 9,01,26 9 Dt an den wegh und Frerich Otten
024 24.76 Dt 24,14,03 27 Dt bey einander mit die haußstette bey die leyde und Eime Hayen
Total 34.01 Dt 33,15,29 = 33,15,29
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Ihneke Focko Habben except when noted otherwise.

Herd *8* (G8)

Voller Herd, 65 Dt M

1556: Tiarck Haigen oder Bremer, 30 Dt Me zu Begenwerve [Bettenwarfen], noch 5 Dt Me, 40 Dt Mh und noch 5 Dt Me [= 80 Dt total]. Tiarck Haigen (i.e. Hayo’s son), a.k.a. Bremer: 30 Diemat of Marsch land, owned, at Bettenwarfen (where? still unclear), another 5 Diemat of owned Marsch land, 40 Diemat of Marsch that is rented and another 5 Diemat of Marsch that’s owned.

1570: Hayo Bremers hefft verloren 2 enter stehrs, 1 schap, 8 swine; beholden 20 koye, 4 par ossen, 3 par twenters, 13 enters, 5 perde, 2 valen, 2 swine, 7 schape. (Seite 31) In the flood, Hayo Bremers has lost 2 one-year-old steers, 1 sheep, 8 swine; he saved 20 cows, 4 pair of oxen, 3 pair of two-year-old steers, 13 one-year-old steers, 5 horses, 2 foals, 2 swine, 7 sheep.

1587: Haye Bremers Sohn Haike, 200 Tl. Er bezahlt 70 Rt am 11.1.[15]87, 20 Gfl am 9.12., 24 Rt am 30.4.[1588], [für] Seriem [*C13*] item 64 Rt, noch 21 Tl 6 Sch. Ist ganz bezahlt. — An anderer Stelle: noch Hartward 20 Rt 18 Sch. (4) Hayo Bremers’ son Haike, 200 Talers. He pays 70 Reichstalers on 11 January 1587, 20 Gold Guilders on 9 December, 24 Reichstalers on 30 April 1588; for his land in Seriem [likely a mistake here], 64 Reichstalers, another 21 Talers and 6 Schaf. It’s all paid. In another place: Toward Hartward, 20 Reichstalers, 18 Schaf.

1589 1590: Tiarck Bremers, 200 Tl. Er bezahlt 50 Rt im Juli, 45 Tl am 29.8., noch 35 Rt am 2.5.1590, noch 20 Rt am 10.9., “das übrige stehet, deweil er das fenlein ingedingt und nit bekommen.” (4) Tiarck Bremers, 200 Talers. [He is likely the brother of Hayo Bremers, and he has the misfortune to have to pay the Weinkauf only two years after his brother had paid it off; no discount is applied. Probably his brother died—the real misfortune—and Tiarck, to take over the family farm, had to pay the property transfer fee one more time.] He pays 50 Reichstalers in July, 45 Talers on 29 August, another 35 Reichstaler on 2 May 1590, another 20 Rt on 10 September, “the rest stands, because he enlisted in the army and it won’t be coming” [translation may be wrong]. Note that Tiarck, who married Rinnolt Remmers, is probably the one who paid the Weinkauf on Seriem Herd *C13*, when her father died—not his brother, as claimed in the entry above.

1600: Haio Bremers, 9 Dt Me, 68 Dt Mh [= 77 Dt total] Haio Bremers’ farm, 9 Diemat Marsch owned, 68 Diemat Marsch rented. Note that calling it Hayo’s farm in this record from the Land Book doesn’t mean Hayo is on it. It’s known as the Hayo Bremers farm, even though Hayo’s son Tiarck is the one who’s running it these days. Hayo died in 1587 and left it to his son Haike; Haike died and it went to Tiarck, Haike’s brother. Tiarck keeps going strong on it till 1624.

19.05.1624: + Tiarck Bremers. Er gebrauchte anderthalb Land, 77 Dt. Das Land gibt anderthalb “Küchengerechtigkeit.” S.Gn., erhält jährlich an Heuer 1 1/2 Gfl. Das übrige Land ist verschiedenen Hausleute zuständig. Nachgelassen aus 1. Ehe 2 Söhne, von denen der ältere, Haye, bereits ein anderes Land beweinkauft hat. Der andere, Remmer, “tut in der stadt Esens seine bürgerliche nahrung.” Aus 2. Ehe hinterlassen 3 Söhne und 1 Tochter. Der Vater hat in seinem Letzten gebeten, daß das Land “auf eines der letzten kinder möchte beweinkauft werden, in ansehung deren mutter einen großen brautschatz, als 2400 tl, zu ihm eingebracht.” 1583 vwk mit 150 Rt. Der älteste Sohn Gate bietet “mit belieben seiner mutter” 150 Rt. Verehrung schuldig. (24) Tiarck Bremers dies. He used one and a half Lands (a very rough measure of the size of a farm), 77 Diemat. The Land is one and a half [translation unclear]. His Grace, receives annually 1 1/2 gold guilders for the rent. The remaining land is the responsibility of various householders. Left behind from his first wife are two sons, of which the older, Hayo, already has “Weinkaufed” another farm [Seriem Herd *C13*, the farm of his mother and grandfather]. The other, Remmer, “is making a city living in the town of Esens.” From Tiarck’s second wife are left behind 3 sons and a daughter. The father has asked in his will that the farm “might be ‘Weinkaufed’ to one of the later children, in consideration that their mother brought to him a large dowry, to the tune of 2,400 Taler.” In 1583 the farm was Weinkaufed for 150 Reichstaler. The oldest son, Gate, asks “with the blessing of his mother.” He owes his Worship 150 Reichstaler.

1624: Gate Tyarckes. Wkf von 1624. Er restiert 1627-1628 mit 30 Rt jährlich. (22) Gate, Tiarck’s son, will pay 30 Reichstalers annually from 1627-1628.

1628: In this year, Gate Tjarcks marries Gretke Borchardts, the widow of Johan Harts [see Kontraktenprotokolle 15 March 1630] and, with her money, leaves Ostbense for Grashaus Margens. In this year, or close to this year, Gate Tjarcks’s sister Tiade Tjarcks marries Witt-Claes Johanßen, who has been living nearby in Großholum on the farm of Peke Aytken since at least 1618. No record exists to show a Weinkauf is paid, but apparently Tiade and Claes move into the farm, and assume ownership. (This is a second marriage for Claes; one of the daughters from his first marriage marries Peke Aytken and stays on that farm, where Claes indicated on 13 February 1626 he had invested 1100 Thaler; see Kontraktenprotokolle Rep 4 B V n Nr. 22.)

1632: Tiarck Brehmers, 60 Dt M In the 1632 Dike Bill, [the farm of] Tiarck Brehmers is assessed for 60 Diemat of Marsch land.

1638: Tiade Tiarcks and Clas Jansen borrow 350 Taler, using the farm as security.

1647: On 11 March, Tiade Tiarcks and Clas Janssen lose a case in the Landgericht. Apparently he borrowed money in 1613; the note has come down to Albert von Line and his heirs. The Amtsgericht determines that Clas still owes the money, so Tiade agrees to stake her family’s farm as a guarantee that the money will be paid, with interest and legal costs (the total is 625 Taler).

1647: On 19 March, Tiade Tiarcks dies. No record exists to show a Weinkauf is paid, but since Claes Janssen has been living on the farm since 1628, most documents (going forward as well) describe the land as his.

1654: Evidently there was some legal action in this year regarding debts held against the farm. The heirs of Albert von Line again are pressuring Claes Janßen to pay his debts or surrender the farm.

1658: Claeß Johanßen, Landgebräucher, 60 Dt M In 1658, in the Receipts and Expenditures for the diking of Wittmunder Grode (the salt marsh between Neuharlingersiel and Wittmund), Claeß Johanßen, the land user, is taxed for 60 Diemat of Marsch.

10.11.1659: Claeß Johansen Herd, 64 Dt M und 5 Dt G, auf die älteste Tochter Pelde zu vwk angegeben. Abgaben: 1 1/2 Gfl Landheuer, 1 1/2 Schweine, 6 Hühner, 1 1/2 Tonnen Tegetgerste. Eigenlandesheuer an Remmer Folties und Konsorten 8 Gfl. (40) The farm (Herd) of Claeß Johansen, 64 Diemat Marsch and 5 Diemat of Geestland (more pebbly, somewhat higher elevation), is given to his oldest daughter Pelde [Felde] to Weinkauf. She gives: 1 1/2 gold guilders for rent, 1 1/2 swine, 6 chickens, 1 1/2 tons of Teget [?] barley. For the rent of the owned land [i.e. not belonging to His Grace], to Remmer Folties and his wife 8 gold guilders. [Remmer Folties’ son, Foltje Remmers, had served on the dike commission with Claeß Johansen; they were neighbors. His wife was Aveke Juergens.][This makes official the transfer of the farm from Gate Tjarcks, who paid the Weinkauf in 1624, to the heirs of his sister Tiade.]

4.5.1663: Pelde [Felde] Claßen Herd, 64 Dt M, auf den Sohn Johan Peters angegeben. Ist 1661 für 120 Rt bedungen. 7 1/2 Gfl Meierheuer an Remmer Folties. (Abgaben wie 1659) (40) The farm of Felde, daughter of Claes, 64 Diemat of Marsch, is given to her son, Johan Peters. [Her husband is Peter Janssen, in other words Peter the son of Jan. Their first son is named Johan, for Peter’s father.] In 1661 [when she died?], for 120 Reichstalers it was reserved. [Perhaps a better explanation: Claeß Johansen died in 1659, and it was not until 1661 that the Weinkauf was settled. At that time, Felde paid 120 Rt for the Weinkauf rights. “Bedungen” suggests a conditional or provisional payment, or it can simply mean that was the amount stipulated.]

18.07.1663: Peter Janssen wurde vorgefordert wegen des von seiner Frau Pelde Classen nachgelassenen Herdes, 64 Dt M, der auf den Sohn Johan Peters angegeben wurde. Er hat geboten 20 Rt, zuletzt 30 Rt. Am 5. Sept. hat er durch “zusprechen” von Herrn Kanzleiverwalter Georg Eppen und Herrn Oberrentmeister Rudolf Brenneysen 60 Rt geboten. Ist Anno 1661 zuletzt vwk. (43) July 18: Peter Janssen seeks to take over the farm of his deceased wife Falde Classen, 64 Diemat of Marsch, which was given [barely two months ago] to her [seven-year-old] son Johan Peters [baptized in 1556]. He has paid 20 Reichstalers, then 30 Reichstalers. On 5 September, he has paid 60 Reichstalers through “award” of Chancellory Manager Georg Eppen and Senior Rent Manager Rudolf Brenneysen. The farm was last Weinkaufed in 1661.

05.09.1663: Peter Janßen, 64 Dt, hat geboten 60 Rt und 4 Rt Geschenk. Soll geben 70 Rt und 4 Rt Geschenk. (43) Peter Janßen, for 64 Diemat, has paid 60 Reichstalers and 4 Reichstalers “tip” [perhaps a more polite term would be “court fees”]. He shall give 70 Reichstalers and 4 Rt “court fees.”

1670: Regemort parcels BE 001, 022

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
001 60.00 Dt 60,04,18 daß landt un unterscheidtlichen stücken mit die haußstette aneinander belegen
022 1.94 Dt 1,07,11 1.5 Dt mit Otto Frerichs 0.5 Dt mandelich
022 - Dt 0,07,25 Frerich Eden itzo Frerich Otten/ 0.5 Dt mit Peter Johanßen mandelich
(Regemort splits BE 022 between G7 and J1 in the index, but shows it on the map as a single parcel)
Total 0.00 Dt 00,00,00 = 00,00,00
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Claß Johanßen itzo Peter Johanßen except when noted otherwise.

1684: January 21, see court process (transcription by Kay Blaas; English translation to follow). Jan Claeßen [de Witt] comes over from North America, son of Claes Johanßen and brother of Pelde [Felde] Claeßen. He is concerned about the farm’s debts and ownership, and he files papers. His concern: Peter Janßen [son of Johan Luebbers and Gretke Peters] had married Falde Claeßen, who inherited the farm from her parents. When she died, the farm went to her seven-year-old son. The son likely died. Peter took it over, in his own name. Jan Claeßen, the brother of Falde, says that their grandmother had brought over a large dowry, worth even more than the land is worth now, and invested it in the farm. (The Weinkauf record above says the same.) Jan suggests that Peter’s son had a family right to the farm, but that Peter, who is not part of the bloodline, has no right. Furthermore, Peter remarried before he died in 1683 and and should not be allowed to leave the farm to his second wife’s children. The grandmother’s intent in investing her money was to benefit her descendants, not Peter’s second family. [Falde and Peter had several other children who could have inherited after seven-year-old Jan died: Class, Berend I, Berend II, Tjarck. See OFB Stedesdorf.] Jan asks for the farm for himself and for his sister’s children. (Jan Claeßen, it appears, never married.) The farm is recorded in a later entry [per Kay Blaas] at a value of 15,551 guilders. The lawyers on the other side disagree with Jan Claeßen, saying that the grandmother and the rest of the family had mismanaged the estate and deserved nothing for all the debts they took on. Worth noting here, for the record: This is the first time in the German record that any of the family members are referred to as “de Witt.” In North America, the siblings who moved have started calling themselves by that name, and now the court papers show Jan Claeßen (as he was known when he was baptized) as Jan Claessen De Witt.

23.09.1684: Peter Witten Land bleibt bis zur Ankunft des Herrn Landdrosten und der Herren Räte von Wittmund ausgestellt. — Nachtrag: Der Eigner oder die Kreditoren sollen den Wkf mit 75 Rt innerhalb von 14 Tagen bezahlen, andernfalls müssen sie vom Lande abziehen. (59) Peter Witten’s land [note that the record is now attaching the “Witt” moniker to Peter, who was never part of the Witt-Claes heritage] remains, until the arrival of the land officer and the Councillors of Wittmund have issued [a decision?]. [There may be some confusion here between Räte, or councillors, and Frau Rätin Ridders, who was a creditor to the farm.] Addendum: The owner or the creditors shall pay the Weinkauf with 75 Reichstaler within 14 days, or they shall forfeit the land.

1692: Apparently some court action takes place this year regarding the farm and its debts; Jan Claesen [De Witt], who left the farm in 1662 at age 18 and may have settled in North America or Amsterdam, is involved.

1694: Tiarck Peters petitions the court for relief from creditors. Specifically he cites Juliana Scheibler, granddaughter of Albert von Line, whose children pressed Tiarck Peters’ grandmother and grandfather for payment in 1647 and thereafter. Tiarck is the youngest son of Peter Janssen and Falde Claesen. Falde was the daughter of Witt-Claes Janssen and Tiade Tiarcks Bremers; she paid the Weinkauf on the land in 1659. Her son Jan Peters was seven years old when she died in 1663; the Weinkauf was paid in his name. No mention is made of Jan Peters anymore; Tiarck refers to the farm as belonging to his family. Tiarck Peters has an older brother Claeß Peters, who pays Weinkauf and other obligations in later years.

1699: Claeß Johanßen, nun Clauß Peters de Witte, 65 Dt M In the 1699 Dike Register, we see the farm listed as Claeß Johanßen’s, which goes back to the early 1600s, “now Clauß Peters de Witte,” in other words now owned by Clauß the son of Peter, including the family name De Witt. Clauß, who was born in 1658 and should now be 41 years old, pays tax on 65 Diemat of Marsch land.

1704: See court process (English translation to follow). Zacharias Hoffman comes over from North America, a grandson of Witt-Claes Johanßen, to try to sort out loose ends and old loans on this property, his family’s ancestral farm. The case Zacharias brings suggests that (contrary to the simple Weinkauf story) the farm had been inherited by more than one (or by all) of the children of Witt-Claes Janßen and Tiade Bremers. He represents the heirs of his uncle Tjerck Claessen (his cousins), and he represents his mother, Rinelt Claessen. His other North American uncle, Jan Claessen (see 1684 litigation), in his will left his property “in Holland” to the children of another sister, Tiaalie Claessen, who had married Oltman Hertkens. Complicating things, the farm, which apparently has all these owners, is in debt to various creditors, as it has been for some time—at least back to the 1640s. Zacharias tries to bring to an end the litigation between the family and Frau Ridders, and sells the claim of the remaining North American family members to the heirs of creditor Enno Hayken (with a considerable appreciative note of thanks) for 200 Reichstalers, thereby settling that debt.

29.02.1712: Claes Johanssen oder Peter Witten Land, 65 Dt. Die Frau des Oltman Hertkens hat einige Jahre mit der Frau Rätin Ridders, welche das Eigentum davon an sich erhandelt hatte, prozessiert. Sie hat nicht allein den Halbscheid, den die Frau Ridders in Possession hatte, erstritten, sondern ihn ihr Sohn Claes Oltmans verlangt den ganzen Herd in Wkf. Der Wkf wird mit Vorbehalt auf Claes Oltmans gesetzt. (35) The farm of Claes Johanssen or Peter Witten [Hey! It was Claes who was Witt-Claes. When did Peter ever become Peter Witt?], 65 Diemat. The wife of Oltman Hertkens has for several years been in litigation with the Frau Rätin Ridders, Juliana Scheibler by birth, who had a lien on the ownership of this farm. She had not fought only for the half-share that Frau Ridders has in her possession, but demands for her son Claes Oltmans the entire farm in Weinkauf.

[“Die Frau des Oltman Hertkens” is Tiada Claesen, who married Oltman Hertkens in Werdum in 1679. Evidently they had a son named Claes, after Tiada’s father, Witt Claess Johanßen, who owned the property until he died in 1659, having married Tiade [Tiarcks] Bremers, in whose family this farm had remained for generations. Pelde Claesen, the eldest daughter of Witt Claess, inherited the land in 1659 when he died; when she died soon thereafter, in 1663, it passed to her son, Peter. After some trouble paying bills, apparently ownership has now switched back to Tiada Claesen, the sister of Pelde, who had originally inherited the Bremer farm. Next it goes to her son, Claes Oltmanns.]

11.06.1740: + Claes Oltmanns. Nachgelassen einen Platz, 65 Dt. Ist gesetzt auf Namen und Leben von Johann Hinrich Remmers als dem größten Kreditor. Weitere Kreditoren: Stilf Willems Erben sowie Frau Stindt. (35, 63) Claes Oltmanns dies. He leaves behind a place, 65 Diemat. It is deeded over to Johann Hinrich Remmers as the largest creditor. Other creditors: Stilf Willems’ heirs, as well as Frau Stindt.

09.03.1772: + der Deichrichter Johann Hinrich/s Remmers. Den Platz, 65 Dt, erhält der Sohn Siud Siebold/s Janßen. (64)

12/1805: + Siud Siebels Jansen. Für den hinterlassenen Platz, 65 Dt, wird noch kein Name angegeben. (64)

Herd *9* (G9)

Voller Herd, 63 1/2 Dt M

1556:

1670: Regemort parcels BE 003, 065

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
003 67.10 Dt 66,10,14 19, 10, 8 und 21 Dt mit die haußstette aneinander belegen
065 3.66 Dt 3,10,07 3.5 Dt Ulrich Ihnen
Total 70.76 Dt 69,20,21 = 70,04,21
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Haicke Eiben itzo Haye Eimen Erben except when noted otherwise.

Herd *10* (G10)

Voller Herd, 59 1/2 Dt

1556:

1670: Regemort parcels BE 016, 157

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
016 17.53 Dt 17,13,27 9 und 9 Dt an Aiebe Haicken und Johan Remmers
157 49.37 Dt 50,13,02 daß landt bey und umb die haußstette in unterschiedtlichen stückken aneinander belegen
Total 66.90 Dt 67,26,29 = 68,10,29
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Volckert Focken itzo Hayo Folckers except when noted otherwise.

Herd *11* (G11)

Herd und Warfstätte, 12 Dt/5 Dt M

1597:

1670: No Regemort parcels listed

Herd *12* (G12)

Voller Herd, 37 1/2 Dt M

For further insight into this farm, see also Nordorf Herd *L3*, which is under the same ownership (Remmer Bremers) from 1661-1666. Some nearby parcels from *L3* have been indicated in a darker color on the map above; more parcels can be found closer to the center of Nordorf.

This farm is also connected to *G8*, the Bremer farm at the far east end of Ostbense.

1556: 3 Dt Me, 54 Dt Mh ( = 57 Dt M total)

1570: various livestock lost

21 March 1599: 56 Dt, teils Herrenland

1600: 20 Dt Me, 36 Dt Mh

1632: 48 Dt M

1633: Der Herd war früher 56 Dt groß. “Vor etzlichen jahren ist ein teil der lande außerhalb des deiches gelegt, ein teil gar zu den deichen vergraben, daß er an gutem lande itzo an die 36 Dt, mit den ausgespitteten landen etwa 48 Dt groß geblieben ist.” Das Land gibt Herren-, Junkern-, und Pastoreiheuer, dazu andere Abgaben, aber soviel, wie es vorher gegeben, als es noch 56 Dt groß war.

1658: 48 Dt M

30 June 1666: 48 Dt M (this entry includes a list of owners)

1670: Regemort parcels BE -, 006, 015, 020, 173 [also possibly BE 009; see note]

Parcel Sizes
Parcel Calculated Regemort Notes
- 1,00,07 hievon abgezogen volgens decretum
006 8.21 Dt 7,11,24 9 Dt die schlotthamb [right up at the dike]
[009] [4.31] [-] Regemort is silent regarding ownership of BE 009. It is, however, directly adjacent to BE 020, which is part of this farm. In 1670, Herd *G12* should be 48 Dt in size. The parcels listed by Regemort add up to ±40 Dt. Various descriptions suggest some of the 48 Dt is outside the dike (see Weinkauf descriptions above). BE 009 seems like a reasonable addition to this farm, but by no means is the case closed.
015 4.90 Dt 5,00,14 5 Dt an Folckert Focken
020 21.24 Dt 25,06,16 25 Dt in unterschiedliche stücken aneinander
173 2.73 Dt 2,12,21 2.5 Dt an die Weyerey und brede wegh
Total 37.08 Dt
[41.39]
41,29,82 = 41,15,22 [without including BE 009]
Regemort lists parcel ownership as Remmer Bremers itzo Johan Remmers except when noted otherwise.

If we take the size of this farm in 1670 to be 41.39 Dt on land, we should expect ±16 Dt from the original 1556 farm to be lying outside the dike. This matches descriptions given in various Weinkauf records pertaining to this farm. Two additional sections of land outside the dike have been indicated on the map above, to accommodate this extra area. The location of any parcels outside the dike, before the 1670 Regemort survey, is purely speculative. But the area of these parcels can be reasonably well calculated.

Herd *12a* (G12a)

Warfstätte

30 August 1716: Remmer Johansen Bremer hat dem Poppe Carls, ältester Sohn von Johann Carls, vermöge Scheins vom 20.1.1714 seine Warfstätte geschenckt

Herd *13* (G13)

Herd, 56 Dt M

[Location of this farm is anyone’s guess. It is identified as being in Ostbense, and “buten deiches,” or outside the dike, in 1573. Beyond that, it could be anywhere offshore. It appears to have been abandoned around 1600.]

1556: Ricke Lubben, 55 Dt Mh

1570: Lübbe Riken hefft verloren 3 enters, 7 swine, 23 schape; beholden 10 koye, 7 twenters, 4 enters, 3 perde, 4 swine. (Seite 31)

20.04.1573: Rike Lubben hat seines Vaters Lubbe Riken Herdstätte zu vwk gebeten, “Weil er in armut gekommen und das land buten deiches liegt,” ist ihm der Wkf gelassen zu 80 Tl. — Nachtrag: Weil Rike Lubben den Wkf nicht bezahlen konnte, will Ino Friderichs, der des Riken Mutter geheiratet hatte, den Wkf bezahlen. (2)

[for Ino Friderichs, see *G3* above, owned by Friderich Inen in 1556, by Hilmer Frericks in 1570, by Friderich Hilmers in 1581. In 1586, “Menße Remmers hat wegen Ine Frerichs übergeben 60 Rt, but the path of succession is not clear.]

1600: Lubbe Ricken, 56 Dt Mh

[no further entries after that]

1670: No Regemort parcels listed

Herd *14* (G14)

Halber Platz, 7 1/2 Dt M (3 1/2 Dt, 4 Dt)

1762:

Herd *15* (G15)

Stückland, die Weierei genannt, 6 1/2 Dt M
[s. aber auch Herd *G4*]

1699:

Herd *16* (G16)

1587: Haie Foken Sohnes Kind hat an seinem Wkf bezahlt 36 alte Tl, noch bezahlt 14 Tl

Herd *17* (G17)

1570: Siamme Siuden iß afgedrencket sine maget; huß und gutt wechgedriven; umbkomen 3 koye, 1 twenter, 1 enter, 12 schape, 2 swine; garnichts gebleven

1592: Siammen Sohn, 20 Tl

Herd *18* (G18)

1592: Johan Ufen bezahlt 10 Tl

Herd *19* (G19)

? January 1661: Hermen Gertken hat einen Herd an Jurgen Melchers verkauft. Ist aber nicht angegeben

Notes

Regemort units: 1 Diemat = 16 of the second unit
1 of the second unit = 30 of the third unit

Pix

Pix go here.

Sources

Sources go here.

Last Modified: Friday, January 16, 2015

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