Die Weinkaufsprotokolle des Amtes Esens von 1554 bis 1811

Heyko Heyken
Upstalsboom-Gesellschaft Aurich, 1998
Bearbeitet von Heyko Heyken nach grundlegenden Vorarbeiten von Dr. Heino Mammen

Teile I & II


Verkäufe “bei brennender Kerze”:
Sales “by Burning Candle”

(translation by Doug Bradley)

In Weinkauf records, it is repeatedly said of the sale of a property that this happened “by the candle” or “by the burning candle.” [See, for example, the 1630 purchase “bei der Kerze” of Ostbense Herd 12, mentioned in the Weinkauf record dated 29 March 1633.] Because not much is known today about this Kerzenkauf “candle purchase,” which in days of old was quite common in the sale of land and other property, in the following is reproduced an excerpt from a “Kerzenkaufs-Protokoll” (record of candle-purchase). [Rep. 234 No. 103 pp. 454-459, Contract Records of Amt Esens (Kontraktemprotokolle des Amtes Esens)]

Kerzenkaufs Note
for the sold house of former Dr. Johann Philp Scheibler
Dated 8 June 1658

After three publications on three consecutive Sundays, the house of the late Dr. Scheibler in Esens, together with the adjacent barn, was sold “by public auctioneer [ausmynerei] under the Kerzenkaufs Ordinance . . . to the highest bidder at the end [“ausgang” or literally the going-out] of the third candle.” . . . After the first candle was “plugged in” [“angesteckt”—set in the candleholder?], the house was posted [“angeschlagen”] at 1,000 Reichstaler “obgesetztermaßen” [?][with everything attached? with its living dimensions?].

200 Reichstaler was bid by Johan Wichmanß, for which a “Treckgeld” was bestowed of 13 Schaf, 15 Witt.

[“Treckgeld” (loosely “trail money”) is a certain sum of money that used to be awarded at public sale of properties by the notary or auctioneer, in return for a higher successive bid [?], or paid to the person who gave a previously named higher offer and became the final bidder. Since the reference to this so-called “yield money” would occur only when the bidding began to falter and no one wanted to bid more, this “Treckgeld” (i.e. “tugging” or “train” money) probably also has the meaning of “Lockgeld” [“decoy money”?]. (From J. ten Doornkaat Koolman, Wörterbuch der Ostfriesischen Sprache, III. Bd., p. 433)]

Andreas Glandorf bid 250 Reichstaler. The next Treckgeld was 13 Schaf 15 Witt.

The chancellery manager [Der Herr Kanzleiverwalter] bid 300 Rt. Treckgeld 1 Rt.

Now was the second candle lit.

By Herr Amtmann Mensenteich [“refectory pond” or “refectory dike,” but Mensenteich is probably his name, and Herr Amtmann is his title] 325 Rt was bid.

Treckgeld 13 Sch 15 Witt.

The third candle was lit.

The chancellery manager bid 340 Rt, with Treckgeld 1 Rt and later 2 Rt.

When the third and last candle went out, 2 Rt Treckgeld “remained in the ring.” [?]

Thus the purchase fell to the chancellery manager Frantz Henrich Nagel for 340 Rt.

The Kerzenkauf cost breakdown:

Your Princely Grace’s seal tax: 3 Rt, 10 Sch, 16 Witt

Official fees [Kanzleiverwalters und Amtmanns]: 4 Rt, 0 Sch, 0 Witt

Auction fee: 3 Rt, 10 Sch, 16 Witt

Scribe fee: 1 Rt, 0 Sch, 0 Witt

Caretakers fee: 0 Rt, 18 Sch, 0 Witt

Crier fee: 0 Rt, 3 Sch, 0 Witt

Treckgelder, as they were issued: 5 Rt, 13 Sch, 10 Witt

für “ein nehmung des augenscheins” (for “a perception of eyes sparkle,” i.e. spiffing up the property [?], property inspection [?]): 0 Rt, 6 Sch, 0 Witt

für Zehrungskosten [maintenance fee? use tax?]: 0 Rt, 18 Sch, 0 Witt

Total: 16 Rt, 78 Sch, 42 Witt
= 18 Rt, 26 Sch, 2 Witt

[1 Rt = 30 Sch; 1 Sch = 5 Witt][?]
[or 1 Rt = 27 Sch; 1 Sch = 20 Witt]
[or 1 Rt = 28 Sch; 1 Sch = 10 Witt]
[see OGSA Newsletter Vol. 11 No. 3 (July 2008), p. 14]

The buyer has paid the Kerzenkauf costs on 9 June 1658.

For that, according to the Kerzenkaufs Ordinance, he has shortened his first payment by 16 Rt, 25 Sch, 4 Witt.

Michael von Rippen, Auctioneer

1st Payment: 113 Rt, 9 Sch
minus: 16 Rt, 25 Sch, 4 Witt
remaining: 96 Rt, 10 Sch, 16 Witt

2nd and 3rd Payments: 113 Rt, 9 Sch, 0 Witt

After the third installment was paid on 3 May 1662, the Kerzenkauf record was entered into the Contract Register in the Esens chancellery [records office, the Kanzlei where the buyer apparently worked] on 21 May 1662.




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Last Modified: Saturday, October 6, 2012

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